Clinical, angiographic, and hemodynamic assessment of late results after Mustard operation.
Since 1974, late results of the Mustard procedure for correcting complete transposition of the great arteries have been evaluated by cardiac catheterization, electrocardiography, roentgenography, history, and physical examination of 48 Mayo Clinic patients. Of these, 15 were studied 1 month to 2 years postoperatively because of clinical deterioration. The other 33 had been asymptomatic but were asked to return for hemodynamic reevaluation one-half to 11 years postoperatively. Of the asymptomatic group, 19 underwent exercise electrocardiography prior to catheterization and eight performed supine exercise during catheterization. Cardiac catheterization proved the most effective mode of study. Significant cardiovascular abnormalities (caval obstruction, residual pulmonary stenosis, etc.) were found in 35 of the 47 patients--including 20 of the 33 who were asymptomatic. Eight of the symptomatic group and three of the others have died since this restudy. These poor results warrant renewed effort to devise better methods for correcting complete transposition,
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association