Pressor response to saralasin (1-sar-8-ala-angiotensin II) bolus injection in hypertensive patients.
A 10 mg bolus of the angiotensin blocker saralasin was injected 113 times in 68 subjects with essential or renovascular hypertension. Ninety percent of injections caused a transient increase in blood pressure, which correlated with plasma renin activity (PRA) (r = -0.54); Mean increase at 2 minutes was 21/13.4 mm Hg (P less than 0.001) and was independent of pre-injection control blood pressure, with a rapid decrease to or below control values thereafter. Thirty-seven subjects were studied on successive days before and after furosemide-induced sodium depletion (152 +/- 26 mEq [SE] sodium loss). In the low renin group, sodium depletion did not change PRA or the magnitude of the pressor response to saralasin, but significantly decreased control MAP by 13 mm Hg (P less than 0.01). In normal and high renin patients, MAP was unchanged after diuresis, but PRA increased significantly and the pressor response was attenuated. The net effect of sodium depletion was to reduce the pressor response to saralasin in all renin subgroups by 9 to 12 mm Hg. Saralasin bolus injection, unlike infusion, saturates available vascular receptors only briefly, eliminating prolonged pressor responses.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association