Right ventricular ejection fraction in patients with acute anterior and inferior myocardial infarction assessed by radionuclide angiography.
We measured right and left ventricular ejection fracttion (EF) from high frequency time-activity curves obtained during the initial passage of an intravenous bolus of 99mTc (Sn) pyrophosphate. In 22 normal controls right ventricular EF averaged 0.52 +/- 0.04 (SD). In 24 acute anterior or lateral infarction patients right ventricular EF was normal (0.56 +/- 0.10), while left ventricular EF was reduced (0.45 +/- 0.10, P less than 0.001 vs controls). In 19 acute inferior infarction patients left ventricular EF also was depressed (0.51 +/- 0.09, P less than 0.001 vs controls). Among 7 of 19 inferior infarction patients with right ventricular by scintigraphy, right ventricular EF was reduced (0.39 +/- 0.05; P less than 0.001 vs normals; P less than 0.01 vs inferior infarction patients without right ventricular involvement). In the latter group right ventricular EF averaged 0.51 +/- 0.10 (NS vs normals). We conclude 1) a single injection of 99mTc (Sn) pyrophosphate can identify right and left ventricular dysfunction and infarct location in acute myocardial infarction, 2) right ventricular EF is well-preserved except when inferior infarction involves the right ventricle.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association