Physiologic improvement following coronary artery bypass surgery.
In this study the effects of coronary artery bypass surgery on ventricular function were evaluated at rest by quantitative analysis of segmental wall motion on cineventriculography, and during maximal treadmill exercise by measurement of serial cardiac outputs (Fick method) with the use of indwelling pulmonary artery and radial artery catheters. The patient had single vessel coronary disease and exertional angina. Following placement of a bypass graft to the proximally occluded left anterior descenting coronary artery, and despite the presence of arterial hypoxemia secondary to interstitial pulmonary fibrosis, a striking increase in maximal cardiac output occurred, mediated by a rise in both maximal heart rate and stroke volume. In this patient, resting ventricular volumes and ejection fraction were normal both before and after surgery, but preoperative abnormalities in extent of segmental wall motion, identified quantitatively, were restored to normal after bypass grafting. These investigations indicate that bypass surgery can provide substantial physiologic benefits in addition to providing subjective relief of anginal symptoms.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association