Left ventricular function following attempted surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot.
Left ventricular function was assessed by angiographic methods in 40 patients (ages 3-27), 1-12 years following repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Twenty of the 40 patients (group A) had a satisfactory repair with a pulmonary-systemic flow ratio (Qp/Qs) less then or equal to 1.5 and a right ventricular systolic pressure of less than or equal to 60% of the left ventricular value. The other 20 patients (group B) had a Qp/Qs greater than 1.5 and/or a right ventricular systolic pressure greater than 60% of the left ventricular value. Group A patients had a normal left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), ejection fraction (LVEF), and mass (LVM), while the group B patients had significantly elevated LVEDV, LVEDP, LVM, and a significantly depressed LVEF. These findings indicate that patients with a satisfactory hemodynamic repair of tetralogy of Fallot have normal left ventricular function while patients with postoperative unsatisfactory hemodynamics have significantly impaired left ventricular function.
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