Coronary sinus reflux. A source of error in the measurement of thermodilution coronary sinus flow.
In seven patients thermodilution coronary sinus flow (TD-CSF) was higher (164 +/- 21 ml/min) during ventricular pacing than during atrial pacing (119 +/- 21 ml/min, P less than 0.005) at identical heart rate, without an increase in the determinants of myocardial oxygen consumption. To assess the possibility of right atrial admixture in coronary sinus blood during ventricular pacing we compared electromagnetic coronary arterial blood flow (CBF) with TD-CSF in nine dogs during interventions that increased right atrial pressure. During ventricular pacing, rapid atrial pacing, pulmonary artery constriction and increased intrathoracic pressure, right atrial pressure increased and electromagnetic CBF was significantly less (41-166%) than TD-CSF. Marked reflux from the right atrium to the coronary sinus was also demonstrated by bolus injection of cold saline into the right atrium and continuous infusion of contrast material into coronary sinus. Caution needs to be exercised in interpreting TD-CSF in the presence of changing right atrial pressure.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association