Effect of acute volume alterations on norepinephrine and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase in normotensive and hypertensive subjects.
Fifty-six patients with essential hypertension and 29 normotensive controls were hospitalized and volume expanded with saline or volume depleted with furosemide. We measured plasma norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH) to evaluate their sympathetic nervous activity. NE and DBH levels and their response to volume changes were the same in normal and hypertensive subjects. Volume depletion increased plasma NE in recumbent subjects by 50% and in standing subjects by 75% but did not alter DBH. Volume expansion with 2 liters of normal saline did not generally alter plasma NE, but led to a small decrease in DBH. Hypertensives have normal plasma levels of NE and DBH and normal responses of NE and DBH to alterations in volume and posture. The human sympathetic nervous system increases NE output during volume depletion, but fails to decrease NE during volume expansion.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association