The "false negative" treadmill exercise test and left ventricular dysfunction.
One hundred and fifteen consecutive symptomatic patients undergoing graded exercise testing, selective coronary angiography and left ventriculography were retrospectively evaluated. The sensitivity, specificity, and false negative response rates of the exercise tests were 79%, 81%, and 21%, respectively. Although the magnitude of a positive ST-segment response was related to more extensive vascular disease, the frequency of false negative responses was nearly identical in patients with single, double, or triple vessel disease (22%, 21%, 19%). Analysis of the false negative group demonstrated significant ventriculographic and hemodynamic abnormalities when compared to the true positive responders. Five out of six patients with the most serious motion disorders in the study fell into the false negative group. There were no significant differences in the extent, distribution and severity of vascular involvement, or in the development of collateral circulation in the two groups. However, occluded vessels supplied abnormal ventricular segments more frequently in the false negative group (88% vs 38%); the absence of an "ischemic response" and the presence of segments of abnormal myocardium may be related. Left ventricular dysfunction appears to be an important reason for a false negative response to exercise.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association