Noninvasive study of early diastole in mitral stenosis.
Cardiac events of early diastole were studied in 50 normal subjects and 46 patients with mitral stenosis (MS) by simultaneous recordings of the mitral valve echogram (MVE), phonocardiogram, and apexcardiogram (ACG). Left ventricular isovolumic relaxation time (IRT), measured between A2 and onset of the MVE opening motion, had almost the same values in normals 54 +/- 7 msec, and MS 51 +/- 16 msec. The interval between A2 and the ACG "O" point was approximately double that of IRT: 99 +/- 11 msec in normal subjects, 109 +/- 20 msec in MS. The normal MVE opening motion had a velocity 293 +/- 76 mm/sec and duration 45 +/- 6 msec, values significantly different (P less than 0.001) from 536 +/- 271 mm/sec, 23 +/- 7.5 msec found in MS patients. In atrial fibrillation the length of the cardiac cycle did not affect A2-O interval or mitral valve opening movement duration; however cycle length was clearly related to isovolumic relaxation time. This resulted in a variation in the interval between completion of the mitral valve opening (opening snap) and O point. This interval was longer after a short diastole and vice versa.
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