Accuracy of echocardiography in assessing left ventricular dimensions and volume.
The accuracy of determining left ventricular function from echocardiography was assessed in 26 children (group I) with cineangiographically-determined normal left ventricular volume (LVV) and 28 children (group II) with large left ventricular volumes. Conventional LV echo dimensions were compared to the cineangiographic LV anterior-posterior minor axis (LVmA) and LVV. Very good correlations were found in group I between LV end-diastolic echo dimensions (LVEDD) and cine LVmA (r = 0.91) and between LVEDD and LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) by cine in group I (r = 0.86). In group II correlations were less accurate between LVEDD and diastolic LVmA and between LVEDD and LVEDV. There was poor correlation between the cine and echo percent of shortening (r = 0.41) and velocity of circumferential fiber shortening (VCF) (r = 0.51). This study demonstrates that M-mode echocardiography is a very useful method for determining LV dimensions in children with normal LV volume, but is less accurate in children with left ventricular volume overload or with abnormal septal orientation or postoperative status after ventriculotomy.
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