Changes in plasma catecholamines and dopamine beta-hydroxylase after corrective surgery for coarctation of the aorta.
In six patients within 12 hours of surgical correction of aortic coarctation there was a 750% increase in plasma noradrenaline concentrations accompanied by an increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressures. The magnitude of the postoperative increase in noradrenaline concentrations was related to the preoperative level of the pressure gradient across the coarctation. Six months after operation plasma noradrenaline concentrations were still significantly elevated. In nine patients who underwent other types of major surgery there was a small increase in plasma noradrenaline concentrations and a return to levels within the normal range within 24 hours. Various explanations for the rise in plasma noradrenaline concentrations are considered. In particular the possibility is raised that after surgical correction of aortic coarctation the increased levels indicate a marked increase in sympathetic nervous system activity; this may be mediated by baroreceptor mechanisms and may persist for up to six months after surgery.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association