Beneficial effect of physical training on blood flow to myocardium perfused by chronic collaterals in the exercising dog.
To determine the effect of physical training on collateral blood flow, we measured regional myocardial blood flow (MBF) by injecting 15 mu radioactive microspheres at rest and during exercise in 14 dogs with chronic coronary occlusive lesions. Seven dogs subsequently trained for 6 weeks while the other seven remained in kennels. Training effect was documented by decrease in heart rate during exercise that averaged 35 beats/min. MBF studies were repeated after 6 weeks. Myocardial samples were obtained from normally perfused zones (NZ) and from regions supplied via collaterals (collateral dependent zones or CZ). Initially, endocardial blood flow in CZ averaged 1.110 ml/min/g (83% of NZ, P less than 0.05) at rest and 1.36 ml/min/g (69% of NZ, P less than 0.05) during exercise, indicating relative underperfusion. Epicardial blood flow was equal in NZ and CZ. After 6 weeks MBF was not significantly changed in control animals. After training, however, MBF to underperfused endocardium of CZ during exercise was 39% greater than it had been prior to training. The epicardial portion of CZ (not exhibiting underperfusion) showed no change in MBF during exercise after training. Our data suggest that beneficial effects of training in coronary disease may include improvement in MBF to underperfused collateral-dependent portions of myocardium.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association