Hemodynamic effects of nitroprusside and hydralazine in experimental cardiac tamponade.
Cardiac tamponade is associated with decreased cardiac output and increased systemic vascular resistance. Thus, vasodilator drugs might lower systemic resistance and increase cardiac output. Three groups of dogs were studied during tamponade. Group I received nitroprusside only; group II received blood transfusion and then nitroprusside; group III received hydralazine. In group I, nitroprusside lowered right artrial pressure and systemic resistance; cardiac output was unchanged. In group II, transfusion raised right atrial pressure but not cardiac output. Then nitroprusside raised cardiac output significantly. Hydralazine decreased right atrial pressure less than nitroprusside but decreased vascular resistance and raised cardiac output. Both nitroprusside and hydralazine decreased systemic vascular resistance during tamponade, but only hydralazine raised cardiac output probably because of its lesser effect upon the capacitance vessels. Nitroprusside maintained cardiac output during tamponade despite lowered right atrial pressure but increased cardiac output only after transfusion.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association