Echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular filling and septal and posterior wall dynamics in idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis.
In order to study left ventricular function in idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (IHSS), left ventricular echograms were analyzed by computer and compared with results in normal subjects. Systolic function was consistently normal or above normal even in the presence of severe diastolic abnormalities. Wide variation in diastolic function in IHSS allowed separation of patients into three groups on the basis of the left ventricular peak filling rate. Because of the severe septal hypertrophy and hypokinesia, peak left ventricular filling rate is predominantly determined by the rate of free wall thinning. Patients in group 1 had rapid left ventricular filling rates, those in group 2 had normal filling rates, and those in group 3 had slow filling rates. With reduction in left ventricular peak filling rate caused by impaired free wall thinning, there was progressive increase in 1) duration of the rapid filling phase, 2) delay of mitral valve opening, 3) asynchrony between septum and posterior wall, 4) incidence of angina, and 5) incidence of atrial fibrillation.
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