Echocardiographic and hemodynamic correlation in transposition of the great arteries.
Echocardiography was performed in 36 patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA). Twenty patients were studied before a Mustard operation, 14 patients after operation and two patients both before and after operation. Right ventricular end-diastolic dimension (RVED) was larger than normal in each patient and tended to increase postoperatively. In contrast, the left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVED) was significantly reduced postoperatively in all patients. A linear relationship was demonstrated between the ratio of LVED/RVED and the ratio of peak systolic pressures in the left and right ventricles in studies both before and after Mustard operation. Systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve was observed in 18% of peroperative patients and increased to 44% postoperatively. The incidence of fluttering of the mitral valve increased from 50% to 94% after the operation. Abnormal septal motion was found in 39% of cases. Abnormal movement of the mitral valve and of the interventricular septum seems to be related to a reversed pressure relationship in the ventricles. Shifting of the ventricular septum toward the left ventricle and consequent distortion of the left ventricular cavity and mitral valve apparatus may be responsible for the abnormal echocardiographic findings. Serial echocardiographic studies may be useful as a noninvasive tool in the assessment of left ventricular pressure or the status of the pulmonary vascular bed in TGA.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association