Studies on the mechanism of sinus node dysfunction in the sick sinus syndrome.
The intrinsic heart rate (IHR) was determined in 17 patients with symptomatic sinus bradycardia by administering atropine 0.04 mg/kg and propranolol 0.2 mg/kg, i.v. In this way, sick sinus (SSS) patients with intrinsic sinus node (SN) dysfunction could be distinguished from those patients with disturbed autonomic regulation of SN function. Sick sinus syndrome patients with normal corrected sinus node recovery time (SNRTC), adjusted for the magnitude and direction of autonomic chronotrophy, consistently had normal IHRs and therefore abnormalities of autonomic regulation. Sick sinus syndrome patients with abnormal adjusted SNRTC consistently had abnormal IHRs and therefore abnormalities of intrinsic SN function. We conclude that more than one pathophysiologic mechanism can produce the clinical manifestations of sick sinus syndrome and that abnormal prolongation of SNRTC is dependent upon the underlying mechanism of sinus node dysfunction.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association