Influence of reduction of preload and afterload by nitroglycerin on left ventricular diastolic pressure-volume relations and relaxation in man.
To clarify the mechanisms of afterload reduction on left ventricular diastolic function, the influence of nitroglycerin upon ventricular diastolic pressure-volume relations was studied in 22 patients during catheterization. After nitroglycerin, average ventricular systolic pressure declined by 25 mm Hg (18%) and end-diastolic pressure by 7 mm Hg (28%) (P less than 0.005). End-systolic and diastolic ventricular volumes decreased by 37% and 23% respectively (P less than 0.005). Although peak negative dP/dt fell by 22% (P less than 0.0005), "T", an index of the time course of isovolumic diastolic ventricular relaxation, was insignificantly changed. Diastolic pressure-volume curves were significantly displaced downward and leftward without significant change in slope, suggesting that a family of pressure-volume curves for each ventricle with similar slope but positions depend upon immediate loading conditions. Absence of change in slope or of "T" suggests that this displacement may be mediated indirectly, perhaps by relaxation of extracardiac constraints to ventricular distensibility. Accordingly, improvement in ventricular function by vasodilators may be partly due to downward displacement of the pressure-volume relation, with associated reduction of wall tension and myocardial oxygen consumption.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association