Cardiovascular function during early recovery from acute myocardial infarction.
Fifty patients with acute myocardial infarction were studied serially to evaluate the extent and nature of functional cardiovascular impairment and the time course of recovery. Reinfarction or death occurred in six patients. Peak workload during bicycle exercise in a subgroup of 25 patients with maximal initial test and complete follow-up increased from 334 to 409 kpm/min (P less than 0.01) bwtween three and six weeks. There was further significant (P less than 0.01) improvement between three and six months from 438 to 488 kpm/min. The incidence of ischemia at a constant workload decreased between three and six weeks without any significant changes in heart rate or blood pressure. Mean cardiac output during exercise at three months was 6.5 and at six months 7.8 L/min (P less than 0.05). Corresponding values for stroke volume were 61 and 72 ml (P less than 0.05). The data suggest that in clinically stable patients there is an early improvement of the relation between myocardial oxygen supply and demand and a late improvement of functional capacity associated with increased stroke volume and cardiac output.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association