Effect of methylprednisolone upon technetium-99m pyrophosphate assessment myocardial necrosis in the canine countershock model.
Repeat DC countershock reproducibly results in myocardial necrosis in dogs. In this model, myocardial technetium-99m pyrophosphate (PYP) uptake correlates linearly with tissue creatine kinase depletion (r = -0.83). The effect of pretreatment with methylprednisolone (MP) was studied with PYP in 25 dogs. In myocardium damaged by countershock, 12 MP dogs had higher tissue radioactivity sample:normal (S:N) ratios than control (P less than 0.05), suggesting increased tissue injury. However, by several other measures of tissue damage, the two groups did not differ. MP-elevated PYP S:N ratios were explained by reduced PYP activity in normal myocardium of MP dogs. Further experiments in 21 dogs revealed that renal PYP clearance, which correlated with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) as measured by creatinine clearance, was increased in Mp dogs, resulting in accelerated urinary excretion of PYP (46.9+/-3.6 vs 35.8+/-2.4 percent injected dose in one hour, P less than 0.01), and reduced blood PYP. Thus MP does not modify countershock-induced myocardial injury. However, by increasing GFR, MP increased PYP excretion, resulting in lowered blood and normal zone myocardial PYP, thereby spuriously affecting myocardial PYP tissue uptake data.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association