The aortic closure sound in pure aortic insufficiency.
The second sound in aortic insufficiency has been described as accentuated, normal, or moderately diminished. A study of intracardiac phonocardiograms was performed to evaluate its intensity and to eliminate extracardiac factors. Pressure and intracardiac sound measurements were made in 28 patients undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization. Recordings were obtained above the aortic valve and within the left ventricle in 14 patients with normal aortic valves and 11 patients with aortic insufficiency uncomplicated by aortic stenosis. The amplitude of the aortic closure sound in the patients with pure aortic insufficiency, 1000 +/- 100 dynes/cm2, was significantly lower than in those patients with normal aortic valves, 3100 +/- 200 dynes/cm2 (P less than 0.001). The results indicate, therefore, that the presence of aortic insufficiency causes a diminished amplitude of the aortic closure sound. These results are supportive of the theory that the second heart sound is caused by diastolic vibrations of the closed aortic cusps. Diminished valvular vibrations and sound would occur in pure aortic insufficiency if the valve is unable to properly tense during diastole, or if the rate of development of the driving pressure is diminished.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association