The use of "fresh" unstented homograft valves for replacement of the aortic valve: analysis of 6 1/2 years experience.
Between August 1969 and January 1976, 561 patients underwent homograft replacement of the aortic valve (AVR). Isolated AVR was performed in 339 patients, ranging in age between 18 months and 74 years. The valves were sterilized in antibiotic solution and preserved at 4 degrees C in tissue culture medium. There were 11 early deaths (3.2%) and 23 late deaths (6.8%). Actuarial analysis showed 88% survival at 5 years and 85% at 6 years. Valve failure occurred in 13 patients (3.8%) due to prolapse of one cusp in five patients (1.5%), infective endocarditis in three and degeneration of the graft in five (1.5%). Degenerative valve failure was encountered after the fourth year with an incidence of 3.5% of patients at risk, and occurred only in grafts from donors over the age of 70 years. Diastolic murmurs were present in 22% of patients followed up for more than one month and increased very slightly with time. The clinical result was judged to be good or excellent in approximately 90% of the surviving patients.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association