Prediction of the normal blood volume. Relation of blood volume to body habitus.
Predictions of blood volume (BV) assume the existence of a constant ratio between BV and body weight or surface area (SA). We examined the validity of this assumption by calculating BV from plasma volume and body hematocrit in 160 normal volunteers whose weights ranged from -38.7 to 210.8% of desirable weight (assessed by a modification of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Desirable Weight tables). BV is not a constant fraction of body weight or SA in this population. Its prediction from such constant ratios results in a large error of estimate which is systematically biased with respect to height and weight. BV prediction from the observed regressions of the parameter on weight and SA reduces the error substantially but remains biased with respect to height. BV prediction from the subject's degree of deviation from desirable weight affords a smaller error of estimate which is apparently free from systematic bias.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association