The influence of heart rate on pulmonary arterial-left ventricular pressure relationships at end-diastole.
Increased resistance to blood flow stemming from structural and functional abnormalities of the lungs may cause pressure in the pulmonary artery to exceed that in the left ventricle at the end of ventricular diastole. This study explores the possible contribution of heart rate to the diastolic pressure gradient observed in the presence of acutely induced hypoxia. Pulmonary hemodynamics were examined in mongrel dogs with chronic atrioventricular dissociation with and without hypoxia at two different heart rates and during sequential increments in heart rate while the animals breathed room air. Studies during sequential pacing indicate that heart rate was of greater importance than blood flow in determining the magnitude of the gradient. Heart rate has to be considered when the causes of pulmonary hypertension and the effects of drugs or other agents on the pulmonary circulation are being investigated.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association