Echocardiographic and hemodynamic relationships of ejection sounds.
The physiologic correlates of ejection sounds have been studied by simultaneous phonocardiograms, echocardiograms and high fidelity pressure tracings. Ejection sounds associated with semilunar valve stenosis or hypertension of the systemic or pulmonary circulation occur at the moment of complete opening of the aortic or pulmonary valve recorded echocardiographically. The start of opening of these valves occurs at the onset of the pressure rise in the corresponding great vessel and completion of valve opening always occurs on the pressure upstroke. The ejection sound in the presence of stenotic valves occurs with checking of the opening motion of the thickened valve cusps. Although the hypertensive ejection sounds also occur at the precise moment of full opening of the valve it remains to be seen whether this relationship is causal or coincidental.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association