A study of the human heart as a multiple dipole source. IV. Left ventricular hypertrophy in the presence of right bundle branch block.
This report concerns the task of electrocardiographic (ECG) diagnosis and quantitation of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with right bundle branch block (RBBB). In 36 patients with RBBB the left ventricular mass (LVM) of each patient was independently known from quantitative biplane angiography. Two ECG techniques, standard 12-lead ECG and multiple dipole electrocardiography (MDECG), were evaluated. In diagnosing LVH, the best performance of the several standard ECG criteria was sensitivity = 29%, specificity = 100%, and that of the MDECG was sensitivity = 94%, specificity = 96%. In quantitating LVH, the standard ECG gave a correlation with LVM of r = 46% and a standard error of estimate of 98 g. The corresponding figures for the MDECG were r = 81% and the root mean square prediction error = 64 g. These results confirm other studies showing that the conventional ECG is of only marginal value in the task of diagnosing LVH in the presence of RBBB. In contrast, the MDECG performs well both in this task and that of quantitating LVH. The results provide further support of the accuracy of the model of the cardiac electrical generator and volume conductor used in the MDECG method.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association