Echocardiographic evaluation of fixed left ventricular outlet obstruction in children. Pre and postoperative outlet obstruction in children.
Rencently, several investigators have utilized the echographically determined magnitude of relative left ventricular posterior wall hypertrophy as a reflection of normalized systolic wall stress to estimate left ventricular systolic pressure noninvasively. In this study, relative wall thickness determined echographically was compared to peak systolic pressure measured at catheterization in 20 children without obstruction to left ventricular outflow and with normal left ventricular function. From these data a relationship, pressure = 225 X left ventricular systolic wall thickness/left ventricular end-systolic internal dimension, was derived. The relationship was then applied to 57 children with fixed aortic stenosis. Left ventricular pressure estimated echographically compared well with that demonstrated at cardiac catheterization (r = 0.89). Twenty-one patients had further echographic studies following surgical relief of outlet obstruction. Estimated left ventricular pressure fell to normal values within two months following surgery in over half the patients with good surgical relief of obstruction, and was normal at subsequent studies up to 22 months postoperatively in all but one patient with good surgical relief. In patients in whom outlet obstruction was not adequately relieved at surgery, echographically estimated left ventricular pressure remained persistently elevated.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association