The effect of propranolol on canine myocardial CPK distribution space and rate of disappearance.
Canine myocardial CPK was partially purified and injected into 11 conscious mongreal dogs. From serial serum CPK measurements in each dog, mean Kd was calculated as 0.0047 +/- 0.0009 (+/- SD) min-1. Correlation coefficients indicated that CPK disappearance rate was well described by a single exponential expression. Kd measured on consecutive days in four dogs varied minimally. CPK distribution space ranged from 74 to 134% of plasma volume. Propranolol loading with 0.3 mg/kg or 2 mg/kg, followed by hourly maintenance doses, resulted in increased Kd in eight of ten dogs, mean Kd rising from .0048 min-1 to .0059 min-1 (P less than 0.02). Propranolol appeared to increase plasma volume but had no significant effect on the relationship of CPK distribution space to plasma volume. If the serial CPK technique were used to measure infarct size, using an average Kd, propranolol might produce artifactual reduction of infarct size measuremnt by increasing Kd and possibly by increasing plasma volume. The obligation to assess the effect upon CPK Kd and distribution space of an agent designed to limit infarct size is apparent.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association