Echocardiographic assessment of a normal adult aging population.
Echocardiograms were performed on 105 male participants in the National Institutes on Aging's volunteer Longitudinal Study Program. All subjects (25--84 years of age) were physically active and had no evidence of hypertension or cardiovascular disease. Measurements were made of the initial diastolic (E-F) slope of the anterior mitral valve leaflet, the aortic and left ventricular cavity dimensions, and the thickness of the posterior left ventricular wall. Fractional shortening of the minor semi-axis of the left ventricle and the velocity of circumferential fiber shortening were also determined. It was found that increasing age correlated with a decrease mitral valve E-F slope and increased aortic root diameter and left ventricular wall thickness. Aging did not affect left ventricular cavity dimension, fractional shortening of the minor semi-axis, and velocity of circumferential fiber shortening. These findings suggest that aging in the normal male is associated with altered left ventricular diastolic filling, increased aortic root diameter and left ventricle hypertrophy but little change in contractile ability in the resting state.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association