Technetium-99m stannous pyrophosphate myocardial scintigraphy. Reliability and limitations in assessment of acute myocardial infarction.
Two hundred-three patients had -echnetium 99m (stannous) pyrophosphate myocardial scintigrams for the evaluation of chest pain and suspected acute myocardial infarction. In addition to routine imaging at 60--90 minutes after injection of the radio-pharmaceutical, the blood pool was imaged immediately in each patient for comparison with routine anterior, left anterior oblique, and left lateral views. Further delayed studies were obtained when residual blood pool activity was identified. Seventy patients had acute myocardial infarction by clinical, electrocardiographic, and enzymatic (CK-MB) criteria. Sixty-five of these 70 patients with acute infarction had positive myocardial scintigrams, with one technically unsatisfactory study. Only four of the 70 patients had negative scintigrams when imaged 18--72 hours after infarction in this study. Technically satisfactory scintigrams were recorded in 125 patients without evidence of infarction. Ninety-six had negative scintigrams at 60--90 minutes, while 19 patients (15%) had precordial activity at 60--90 minutes which was identical in distribution to early blood pool images and cleared with further delay. With these included, the true negative incidence was 92%. Ten of 125 patients had false positive scintigrams; two had recent cardioversion with resultant chest wall damage. The other eight patients had previous infarction 1 1/2 to 72 months earlier and had akinetic segments shown angiographically in the areas of the persistently positive scintigrams. Myocardial scintigraphy correlates well with the presence of other evidence of acute infarction, as well as with the absence of acute infarction when residual blood pool activity is identified. False positive scintigrams can occur following cardioversion and in patients with previous myocardial infarction and resultant ventricular wall motion abnormalities.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association