Noninvasive assessment of cardiac function and ventricular dyssynergy by precordial Q wave mapping in anterior myocardial infarction.
To determine whether multiple lead precordial electrocardiographic recordings offer an improved index for noninvasive estimation of left ventricular hemodynamic function and segmental dyssynergy, precordial mapping was performed in patients with anterior myocardial infarction, and the number of pathologic Q waves (greater than or equal to 0.04 sec) was counted (Q-Index). Left ventricular function was determined by cardiac catheterization and angiography and correlated with the Q-Index. The Q-Index correlated well with dyssynergy extent (r = 0.84) and inversely with ejection fraction (r= -0.87), stroke work index (r = -0.79) and cardiac index (r = =0.66). Three patient groups were defined by Q-Index; group I, 0.04 sec Q complexes less than 15; group II, 15-25; group III, 26-35. Q-Index related closely to functional classification and survival (mean follow-up 12.2 months): group I, 91%; group II, 81%; group III, 40%. Thus 35-lead precordial Q wave mapping with determination of total number of pathologic Q waves permits practical, atraumatic assessment of hemodynamic and functional status and allows prediction of survival in acute and chronic anterior myocardial infarction.
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