Early and late results of surgical repair of truncus arteriosus.
Ninety-two patients had corrective operation for truncus arteriosus between 1967 and 1975. During the first 30 days after surgery, 23 patients died. No significant differences appear between early mortality and sex, type of truncus, variations in pulmonary arterial anatomy, truncal valve regurgitation, associated anomalies, previous operation, or duration of extracorporeal circulation. Greater risk is probably encountered with the higher but still operable levels of pulmonary resistance. Reoperation has been required in three patients. Fifty-nine percent of survivors are symptom-free, with all but two of the remainder (38%) being in NYHA functional class II. The late result is suggestively less satisfactory in patients with significant preoperative truncal valve regurgitation. Some late complications related to deterioration of the earlier aortic homograft conduit may be avoided by use of a porcine valve Dacron conduit. The current operative mortality of 9%, and the well-being of 97% of surviving patients suggest the continued advisability of recommending operation for appropriate patients.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association