Inability of methylprednisolone sodium succinate to decrease infarct size or preserve enzyme activity measured 24 hours after coronary occlusion in the dog.
Methylprednisolone sodium succinate (50 mg/kg) was given 30 minutes before or after the start of a 90 minute occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) in one group of dogs. In a second group, methylprednisolone sodium succinate was given 15 minutes after permanent occlusion of the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Infarct size was determined by dehydrogenase staining after 24 or 96 hours. Heart slices were incubated with nitro-blue tetrazolium and nonstaining infarcted tissue was dissected and weighed. Myocardial depletion of creatine phosphokinase activity (CPK) and lactate dehydrogenase activity (LDH) were determined 24 hours after temporary LCX occlusion. When measured after 24 hours, methylprednisolone sodium succinate treatment did not reduce infarct size or decrease enzyme loss. After temporary LCX occlusion infarct size was 30.4 +/- 3.6% of left ventricular weight in control dogs and 30.0 +/- 2.3% in treated dogs. No significant difference in infarct size was observed in hearts examined 24 or 96 hours after myocardial infarction. After permanent LAD occlusion, infarct size in control dogs was 39.2 +/- 1.6% of left ventricular weight and 33.7 +/- 3.5% in treated dogs. CPK activity in the LCX area decreased by 26.5 +/- 7% in controls and by 28.1% +/- 7% in treated dogs. Treated dogs sustained a significantly greater fall in arterial blood pressure after LCX occlusion than did controls. During LCX occlusion and upon reperfusion, methylprednisolone sodium succinate treated dogs exhibited a significantly greater number of premature ventricular beats. Since infarct size and enzyme depletion were not reduced when measured after 24 hours, methylprednisolone sodium succinate treatment does not appear to have enhanced myocardial cell viability.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association