Characteristics of sinoatrial conduction in patients with coronary artery disease.
Electrophysiologic studies were performed in 32 patients with angiographically documented coronary artery disease (CAD). Group I was composed of ten patients (31%) with severe stenosis (greater than or equal to 75%) proximal to the origin of the sinus node artery (SNA); group II was composed of five patients (16%) with moderate (50--75%) proximal stenosis; and group III was composed of 17 patients (53%) with insignificant (0--50%) proximal stenosis. The mean sinoatrial conduction time (SACT) for group I was 119 +/- 18 msec; group II was 84+/- 16 msec; and group III was 72 +/- 5 msec. The SACT was significantly longer in group I than in group III (P less than 0.005). In conclusion 1) in patients with CAD, SACT greater than 72 +/- 5 msec is abnormal; 2) the results suggest a pathogenetic role of CAD in the development of sinus node dysfunction; 3) the SACT is a more sensitive indicator of subtle sinus node dysfunction in CAD patients than is heart rate, sinus node response to artrial extrastimuli, or sinus node recovery time; and 4) the ability to diagnose sinus node dysfunction in its early stages and recognition that coronary artery disease is an etiologic factor may allow for the elucidation of the natural history of the sick sinus syndrome.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association