Ventricular apical vents and postoperative focal contraction abnormalities in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.
Ventriculograms made 9-15 months after surgery in 48 patients with normal preoperative apical contraction were reviewed to determine the influence of apical venting on apical wall motion in patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. After interpretation of postoperative apical wall motion, the patients were subdivided into two groups. One group consisted of 34 patients who were vented by inserting a catheter through the apex of the left ventricle and the second group included 14 patients in whom no transventricular vent was made. The two groups were similar clinically and hemodynamically before surgery, and the surgical procedures were similar with the exception of vent site. Following surgery, incidences of graft patency and antegrade flow to the apex were also similar. Nineteen (56%) patients in the apically vented group had apical dyskinesia or akinesia observed on the postoperative ventriculogram while none of the patients who were not apically vented had these findings. None of the patients with apical dyskinesia or akinesia had congestive heart failure following surgery. The postoperative ventriculograms of 12 patients with mitral stenosis who underwent valvulotomy by inserting a Tubbs dilator through the apex were also analyzed. Only one patient (8.5%) had apical dyskinesia or akinesia. Since the patients with mitral stenosis probably did not have significant coronary artery disease, it is possible that the combination of the apical vent and ischemic heart disease was responsible for the focal contraction abnormalities observed.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association