Interventricular septal motion in patients with proximal and distal left anterior descending coronary artery lesions.
In order to evaluate the ability of the echocardiogram to detect and localize left main or left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery lesions, 43 patients were studied. The systolic excursion of the left side of the septum and the ratio of posterior wall to septal excursion were measured. Seventeen patients had no LAD lesions; all had systolic septal excursion of 3 mm or greater. Twelve patients with septal excursion of 2 mm or less all had left main or LAD lesions, but 14 other patients with LAD lesions had septal excursions of 3 mm or greater. Nine of 16 patients with LAD lesions proximal to the first septal branch had reduced or absent septal excursion, as did three of ten with LAD lesions distal to the first septal branch. In a setting of coronary artery disease reduced or absent septal motion on echocardiography suggests involvement of the left main or left anterior descending coronary. However, the technique is relatively insensitive, with 54% of the LAD patients having normal septal motion.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association