Detection of edema associated with myocardial ischemia by computerized tomography in isolated, arrested canine hearts.
This study was undertaken to determine if computerized tomography (CT scanning) with an EMI cranial scanner could detect edema associated with myocardial ischemia in canine hearts. A localized area of decreased density in the posterior papillary muscle and surrounding myocardium was detected on serial 8 mm CT scan slices of each heart after 60 min of circumflex artery occlusion and 45 min of reflow of blood. The wet/dry weight ratios and previous electron microscope studies of the ischemic posterior papillary muscles revealed edema accumulation. After 1 hour of arterial occlusion and 12 hours of reflow (which produces extensive necrosis and a decrease in the wet/dry ratio) lesions were still discernible but were less consistently as severe. Permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery and major collateral arteries for 6 hours also resulted in a lesion of decreased density in the distribution of the occluded arteries. Thus, CT scanning can detect, and is a potential means for sequential noninvasive quantitation of myocardial edema associated with ischemia.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association