Left ventricular performance in the critically ill premature infant with patent ductus arteriosus and pulmonary disease.
Left cardiac dimensions and an index of left ventricular performance, the percent shortening of the internal diameter (%SID) of the left ventricle, were evaluated in premature infants who were asymptomatic, others with pulmonary disease and others with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). In contrast to controls, left atrial and/or left ventricular end-diastolic dimensions were increased in all infants with clinical criteria of significant PDA. Postoperative dimensions decreased significantly. Percent SID values for normal premature infants (m=33.5%; SD=3.5%) and those with pulmonary disease alone did not differ significantly. In those with clinical criteria of PDA, who were subsequently found to have echocardiographic evidence of left cardiac enlargement, values for %SID were increased. As expected %SID values for individual patients represented a wider range of left ventricular function and/or afterload than for controls. Upon spontaneous or surgical closure of the PDA, %SID returned to normal. A PDA which is associated with left cardiac enlargement exhibits increased %SID, whereas decreasing %SID in the presence of increased dimensions suggests deteriorating myocardial performance. Echocardiography provides valuable insight into the cardiac status of these infants and may contribute to their medical and/or surgical management.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association