Myocsrdial uptake of technetium-99m stannous pyrophosphate following direct current transthoracic countershock.
The effect of direct current (DC) countershock upon myocardial technetium-99m stannous pyrophosphate (PYP) uptake was studied in 22 dogs. All eight dogs imaged had positive abnormal PYP scintigrams that were usually indistinguishable from experimental infarction. In three animals, additional areas of radionuclide uptake were seen in overlying noncardiac tissue. Left and right ventricular myocardial PYP uptake averaged (+/- SEM) 23 +/- 5 times control and 24 +/- 6 times control, respectively. These activity ratios occurred without reduction in regional myocardial blood flow (RMBF), and were associated with histologic evidence of necrosis. The necrosis was usually epicardial, corresponding to the transmural site of greatest PYP uptake. The magnitude of PYP accumulation and the weight of damaged tissue increased with increasing applied energy. Thus, PYP uptake following DC countershock could result in false-positive interpretation of acute ischemic myocardial infarction. Since RMBF is normal in regions of PYP uptake, the major determinant of radionuclide accumulation is the extent of cellular damage.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association