The effect of left ventricular pressure or volume overload on ventricular dimension in children. Left ventricular volume determination from one or two ventricular dimensions.
The effect of pressure or volume overload on the geometry of the left ventricle (LV) was determined in order to examine the feasibility and accuracy of LV volume determinations from one minor axis or two dimensions (one minor axis and the longest length). The longest length (LL) and minor axis (MA) in both the anteroposterior (AP) view and lateral (LAT) view were determined from the LV cine silhouette in patients with normal LV volume and pressure (group 1), LV pressure (LVP) overload group (LVP greater than 140 mm Hg, group 2), and LV volume overload group (LV end-diastolic volume greater than 124% of normal, group 3). The ratio of the MA to the LL, which represents the spherical configuration of the LV, was less than "normal" in group 2, and higher than "normal" in group 3. In all groups the LV was less spherical at end-systole than at end-diastole. Additionally, the (MA)3 had a different relationship to true LV volume (biplane LV volume) in the three groups and from diastole to systole in each group. Left ventricular volume calculation from one minor axis was associated with a large error. In contrast, left ventricular volume can be accurately determined from two ventricular dimensions using either the anteroposterior or lateral ventricular image (r larger than or equal to 0.97).
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association