George C. Griffith lecture. The role of renin in normal and pathological cardiovascular homeostasis.
Recently, the availability of a number of specific inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system has made it possible to address certain critical questions concerning the role of angiotensin II in physiologic homeostasis and in a number of pathologic states. These studies indicate that angiotensin II does not have an obligatory role in blood pressure maintenance in the normal, sodium replete individual, but it is essential following sodium depletion. The role of angiotensin II in feedback control of renin secretion is confirmed as is its importance in aldosterone stimulation both in relation to posture and sodium depletion. Angiotensin II is responsible for the initial pressor response of experimental renovascular hypertension and appears to be important in the initiation of chronic renovascular hypertension. Converting enzyme blockers and competitive inhibitors of angiotensin II are helpful in the diagnosis of clinical renovascular hypertension and in the identification of renin dependent hypertensives. Homeostatic mechanisms leading to maintenance of blood pressure and accumulation of edema in experimental congestive heart failure appear to be dependent on angiotensin II.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association