Right ventricular volume characteristics in ventricular septal defect.
Right and left ventricular volume characteristics were determined from biplane cineangiocardiography in 37 patients with isolated ventricular septal defects. Patients were divided into three categories as determined by the degree of left-to-right shunt: small shunt-less than 35% of pulmonary blood flow (N=9); moderate shunt-35-49% (N=8), and large shunt-greater than 50% (N=20). Right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic volume was increased above normal in 15 of 20 studies performed in patients with large left-to-right shunts and averaged 159 +/- 10% of normal (P less than 0.001). In contrast, only one of the patients in the small shunt group and only half of the patients in the moderate shunt group showed increases in RV end-diastolic volume. The increase in RV volume was proportional to the corresponding increase in left ventricular end-diastolic volume, with the right ventricle ranging from 48 to 116% of LV end-diastolic volume (average 83%). Right ventricular ejection fraction was normal in all patient groups. Right ventricular outpur was increased commensurate with the increases in the RV end-diastolic volume. These data indicate that substantial augmentation in RV end-diastolic volume does occur in patients with isolated ventricular septal defects and large left-to-right shunts. These data can be explained by the significant diastolic and "isovolumic" shunting from left ventricle to right ventricle which occurs in these patients.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association