The hemodynamic effects of induced supraventricular tachycardia in man.
The circulatory effects of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) were studied in eight patients who reported disabling symptoms during paroxysms of the arrhythmia. Supraventricular tachycardia was induced in each patient by rapid atrial pacing or with atrial premature stimuli. Hemodynamic parameters in sinus rhythm and following the initiation of SVT were recorded and compared. The following mean values were observed in sinus rhythm (SR) and SVT. Heart rate (beats/min): SR 79, SVT 183; P-R interval (msec): during SR, 154; during SVT, 256; ratio of mean P-R intervals to mean R-R cycl lengths: SR 20%, SVT 76%; brachial artery pressures (mmHg): SR 141, SVT 99; cardiac index (L/min/m2): SR 3.6, SVT 2.2; pulmonary artery pressures (mmHg): SR 18/7, SVT 26/15; peak right atrial pressures (mm Hg): SR 4, SVT 17. Large waves appeared in the right atrium during SVT due to atrial contraction against closed tricuspid valves. Pulsus alternans were observed in each case during SVT. Despite the presence of chest pain during SVT, the coronary arteries were normally patent in four patients who underwent coronary arteriography.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association