Reduction of ischemic injury by sublingual nitroglycerin in patients with acute myocardial infarction.
The effect of sublingual nitroglycerin (NTG) on myocardial ischemic injury was evaluated in eleven patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction. Precordial 35-lead ST-segment maps were obtained in each patient immediately before and 3-10 minutes after 0.4 mg sublingual NTG. The following measurements were made from each ST map: N-ST (number of leads showing ST elevation greater than 1mm), sigmaST (total ST elevation in all leads), ST (average ST-segment elevation in those leads with less than 1mm elevation). Following 0.4 mg sublingual NTG evidence of myocardial ischemic injury as assessed by ST-segment mapping decreased in association with reduction of heart rate X systolic blood pressure product (10.80 X 10(3) to 9.49 X 10(3), P less than 0.001). Group mean values diminished significantly for N-ST (18.1 to 14.4, P less than 0.001), sigma ST (37.9 to 30.1 P less than 0.005) and ST (1.7 to 1.4, P less than 0.001). Evaluation performed by the technique of precordial ST-segment mapping suggests that sublingual nitroglycerin in a commonly employed clinical dose is associated with evidence of reduced ischemic cardiac injury in patients with acute myocardial infarction. This effect appears to be related to reduction of myocardial oxygen demand by the nitrate.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association