The isovolumic contraction time of the left ventricle. An echographic study.
The echographic isovolumic contraction time (ICT) of the left ventricle (LV) was measured in order to assess alterations of LV performance in children with various forms of cardiac disease. The echographic ICT was defined as the interval between coaptation of the anterior and posterior mitral valve leaflets and aortic cusp opening. Four groups of patients were evaluated: normal (48); LV myocardial disease (20); patent ductus arterosus (PDA) (19); and aortic stenosis (AS) (15). In normal children ICT shortened with decreasing age and increasing heart rate. Isovolumic contraction time was more influenced by heart rate (HR) than age, but the relationship was still weak (r = 0.61). In patients with LV myocardial disease ICT was markedly prolonged, while in children with patent ductus arteriosus and aortic stenosis it was shortened as compared with normal children (P less than 0.01).
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association