Retrograde coronary artery flow in aortic valve disease.
Retrograde coronary artery flow was observed angiographically in 43 patients with aortic stenosis and/or regurgitation. In the 24 patients with pure or predominant aortic stenosis, retrograde flow was seen in all 24 during end-systole. In the eight patients with pure aortic regurgitation, retrograde flow was seen mainly during end-diastole (6/8). Among the 11 patients with stenosis and regurgitation, retrograde flow was both end-systolic and enddiastolic. Dominant left coronary arteries were seen in 13 patients; 13 showed retrograde flow in the dominant arteries. Dominant right coronary arteries were seen in 25 patients: all 25 showed retrograde flow equally in the right and left coronary. Five of the 43 patients could not be evaluated for dominance because of coronary artery occlusions. The severity of retrograde flow did not correlate with usual clinical, hemodynamic or tension-stress parameters: angina, electrocardiographic abnormality, end-diastolic pressure or volume, end-systolic pressure or volume, ejection fraction, severity of aortic regurgitation, peak or mean valve gradient, aortic valve area, myocardial tension and stress calculations, or DPTI:SPTI. In summary, retrograde coronary artery flow was seen in all 43 patients with severe aortic valve disease. The time in the cardiac cycle when retrograde flow occurred was related to the type of valve disease. Retrograde flow was seen mainly in the coronary arteries supplying the left ventricle and may result from increased regional myocardial stresses.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association