Functional significance of regional ischemic contraction abnormalities.
To evaluate the progression of segment function following induction of ischemia, the left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated (eight dogs) or cannulated and perfused at various pressures via a bypass-oxygenator (six dogs). Mercury-in-silastic length gauges were sutured to the anterior left ventricle, and pressure was recorded by a catheter-tipped transducer. Segment function was determined from the area of the pressure-length loop by plotting instantaneous left ventricular pressure against segment length and by evaluation of the degree of systolic shortening. Segment function decreased linearly as flow in the left anterior descending artery was decreased in a stepwise fashion by reduction in perfusion pressures from 100 to 20 mm Hg. With both left anterior descending coronary artery ligation and stepwise flow reduction, the pressure-length loop invariably showed four clearly identifiable morphologic patterns which relate conceptually to the specific left ventricular contraction patterns: dyssynchrony, hypokinesis, akinesis, and paradoxic systolic expansion. Re-oxygenation following occlusion invariably revealed return to a normal pattern in reverse order. This study demonstrates that a consistent and predictable progression of segmental contraction abnormalities occurs with ischemia.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association