The surgical management of discrete and diffuse supravalvar aortic stenosis.
Between 1956 and 1976, 18 patients underwent surgery for supravar aortic stenosis at the The Children's Hospital Medical Center, Boston. Discrete obstruction, present in 11, was treated by insertion of a prosthetic gusset placed across the area of narrowing and extending into the noncoronary sinus of Valsalva. There was one operative death. Residual gradients (measured in five patients) ranged from 4-55 mm Hg, one of which was supravalvar in location. Significant aortic regurgitation was not common preoperatively. The diffuse form of supravalvar obstruction, a more difficult surgical problem, was present in seven patients. There were three operative deaths. Complete relief of the pressure gradient was achieved only in one instance by insertion of a left ventricular-aortic bypass shunt diverting the majority of the cardiac output into the descending thoracic aorta. This patient is now asymptomatic 20 months following operation. On the basis of this experience, it is suggested that patients with the diffuse form of supravalvar obstruction, and perhaps even those with a hypoplastic annulus alone, would benefit from a left ventricular-aortic bypass shunt.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association