Hemodynamic consequences of afterload reduction in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation.
Nitroprusside was used to reduce afterload in 13 patients with isolated, severe aortic regurgitation. The drug significantly lowered mean aortic pressure, pulse pressure, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and left ventricular volume. Total ventricular, or angiographic, cardiac index was generally unaffected, but forward cardiac index was improved significantly in 8 of 13 patients. Augmentation of forward cardiac index was seen in patients with subnormal resting forward cardiac index, in patients with decidedly elevated end-diastolic pressure, and in those with depressed resting ejection fractions. Regurgitant fraction fell with nitroprusside in six patients and remained unchanged in seven. Total stroke work index was diminished in all patients. These data show that afterload reduction in patients with severe aortic regurgitation may improve hemodynamics by reducing aortic regurgitation or by improving ventricular pump function. The lowered total stroke work, reduced ventricular size and improved forward cardiac index imply that afterload reduction may benefit left ventricular failure and delay progressive ventricular dysfunction in patients with aortic regurgitation.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association