Myocardial reperfusion in acute experimental ischemia. Beneficial effects of prior treatment with steroids.
To test the hypothesis that prior steroid administration may enhance the mechanical and metabolic response to myocardial reperfusion, regional myocardial function (Hg-in-silastic length gauges), transmyocardial lactate balance and K+ difference were measured in 12 control and 13 treated (30 mg/kg methyl-prednisolone, 30 to 60 min postocclusion) dogs. At three hours of ischemia, systolic shortening in the ischemic segment was greater in treated dogs (40.6% vs. 12%, P less than 0.05), while both lactate balance and K+ arteriovenous difference became positive. Lactate balance and K+ difference remained negative in the untreated animals. After three hours of occlusion and one hour of reperfusion, recovery of shortening was significantly greater in the treated animals (75.9 vs. 31.6%, P less than 0.05). In addition, while lactate balance remained negative among the control dogs, it further improved in the treated dogs. Thus, steroid administration during experimental coronary occlusion impedes the progression of ischemia and is additive to reperfusion in reversing ischemic dysfunction.
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