Regional myocardial perfusion during atrial pacing in patients with coronary artery disease.
Regional myocardial perfusion (RMP) was measured with 133xenon and a multiple-crystal scintillation camera at rest and during atrial pacing in 24 patients with normal coronary arteriograms or less than 50% lesions, Group I, and in 24 with significant (greater than 50% lesions) left coronary artery disease (CAD), Group II. Pacing induced increases in the double product (DP) of heart rate and systolic blood pressure, an index of myocardial oxygen consumption, were not different for Groups I and II. In Group I average mean LV perfusion rate was subnormal at rest but rose from 49 to 73 ml/100 g-min during pacing to 150/min without angina. A response index (RI), (deltaMP X 10(3)/deltaDP), averaged 2.93. Twenty patients in Group II developed angina during pacing. The average mean LV perfusion rose less than in Group I, from 48 to 64 ml/100 g-min (P less than 0.05) and the average RI, 1.76, was lower (P less than 0.01). In 19 of these patients, average RMP distal to the major coronary lesion increased from 46 to 58 ml/100 g-min; this increase during pacing was significantly less than in the remainder of the LV of 48 to 66 ml/100 g-min (P less than 0.05). Average regional RIs were 1.39 and 2.18, respectively. In three patients the presence of collaterals termed adequate by radiological criteria was not associated with preferential decreases in the distal regional RI. The data support the hypothesis that in some patients with CAD, angina pectoris results when an obstructive coronary lesion restricts the total or regional myocardial blood flow response to an increased rate of myocardial oxygen consumption.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association